Sokoine University of Agriculture

Consumption of processed food & food away from home in big cities, small towns, and rural areas of Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Sauer, Christine M
dc.contributor.author Reardon, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Tschirley, David
dc.contributor.author Liverpool-Tasie, Saweda
dc.contributor.author Awokuse, Titus
dc.contributor.author Alphonce, Roselyne
dc.contributor.author Ndyetabula, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Waized, Betty
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-04T05:29:22Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-04T05:29:22Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/3817
dc.description Journal Article en_US
dc.description.abstract We study household consumption of various categories of processed food, includ ing ultra-processed food and meals away from home in Tanzania. We compare peri-urban versus hinterland rural areas, and large cities versus small towns. Three sets of findings stand out. (1) Contrary to the common view in Africa that processed food is mainly an urban middle-class phenomenon, we found it has penetrated the diets of the rural areas and the rural and urban poor. In rural areas, surprisingly 60% of food consumption comes from purchases in value terms, and processed food accounts for 76% of purchases and 47% of all food consumed. For the rural poor, purchased processed food is 38% of food consumption. In urban areas processed food’s share of purchases (hence consumption) is 78%, similar for the rich and poor. (2) We found that ultra-processed food (such as sugar-sweetened beverages and cookies) and meals-away-from-home (MAFH) have emerged as important in urban as well as rural areas. As these foods tend to be high in oil, salt, and sugar, this is a health concern. The share of ultra processed foods and MAFH is 21% in rural areas and 36% in cities albeit twice as high in large cities compared with small towns and among richer compared to poorer consumers. (3) Our regressions show the spread of processed food con sumption in rural and urban areas, among the rich and poor, is driven mainly by opportunity costs of the time of women and men, and thus the pursuit of sav ing home-processing and cooking time, as well as food environment factors. As these drivers are long term trends this suggests processed food consumption will continue to grow en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher WILEY en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.subject consumption en_US
dc.subject food away from home en_US
dc.subject peri-urban en_US
dc.subject processed food en_US
dc.subject secondary cities en_US
dc.subject small towns en_US
dc.title Consumption of processed food & food away from home in big cities, small towns, and rural areas of Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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