Sokoine University of Agriculture

Human activity spaces and plague risks inthree contrasting landscapesinLushotoDistrict, Tanzania

Show simple item record HIERONIMO, P GULINCK, H KIMARO, D.N 2021-07-20T06:06:27Z 2021-07-20T06:06:27Z 2014-07-14
dc.identifier.citation HieronimoP., GulinckH., KimaroD. N., MulunguL. S., KihupiN. I., MsanyaB. M., LeirsH. and DeckersJ. A. (2014) “Human activity spaces and plague risks in three contrasting landscapes in Lushoto District, Tanzania”, Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 16(3). doi: 10.4314/thrb.v16i3.2. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1821-6404
dc.description The main objective of this study was to gain understanding of human activity patterns in relation to spatial distribution of fleas in Lushoto District. en_US
dc.description.abstract Since 1980 plague has been a human threat in the Western Usambara MountainsinTanzania.However,thespatial-temporal pattern of plague occurrence remains poorly understood.The mainobjectiveofthisstudywastogain understanding ofhumanactivity patterns in relation to spatialdistribution offleasin Lushoto District.Data werecollected in threelandscapesdiffering in plagueincidence.Field survey coupled with Geographic Information System (GIS)and physical sample collectionswereused to collect datainwet(April to June 2012) anddry(August to October 2012)seasons.Dataanalysis was done usingGIS,one-wayANOVAand nonparametricstatistical tools.The degree of spatial co-occurrence of potential disease vectors (fleas) and humans in Lushoto focus differs significantly (p≤0.05)amongthe selected landscapes, and in both seasons.This trend gives a coarseindicationof the possibleassociation of the plague outbreaks and the human frequencies of contacting environments with fleas.Thestudy suggests that plague surveillance and control programmes at landscape scale should consider theexistence of plague vector contagion risk gradientfrom high to low incidence landscapes due to humanpresence and intensity of activities. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship e Sokoine University of Agriculture-Flemish Interuniversity Council (SUA-VLIR) Own Initiative Project - ‘Landscape-Ecological Clarification of Bubonic Plague Distribution and Outbreaks in the Western Usambara Mountains, Tanzania’ (Acronym: LEPUS), funded by the Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR), Belgium en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Department of Agricultural Engineering and Land Planning, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3003, Morogoro, Tanzania en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries eISSN;1821-9241
dc.relation.ispartofseries print ISSN;1821-6404
dc.subject risk gradient en_US
dc.subject plague en_US
dc.subject human activity spaces en_US
dc.subject flea index en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Human activity spaces and plague risks inthree contrasting landscapesinLushotoDistrict, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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