Sokoine University of Agriculture

Contribution of land use to rodent flea load distribution in the plague endemic area of Lushoto District, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Hieronimo, Proches
dc.contributor.author Kihupi, Nganga I.
dc.contributor.author Kimaro, Didas N.
dc.contributor.author Gulinck, Hubert
dc.contributor.author Mulungu, Loth S.
dc.contributor.author Msanya, B. M.
dc.contributor.author Leirs, Herwing
dc.contributor.author Deckers, Jozef A.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-12T12:18:11Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-12T12:18:11Z
dc.date.issued 2014-07-01
dc.identifier.citation PROCHES HIERONIMO et al... [2014] Contribution of land use to rodent flea load distribution in the plague endemic area of Lushoto District, Tanzania en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/3714
dc.description to investigate the contribution of land use to rodent flea load distribution at fine scale in the plague endemic area of north-eastern Tanzania. en_US
dc.description.abstract Fleas associated with different rodent species are considered as the major vectors of bubonic plague, which is still rampant in different parts of the world. The objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of land use to rodent flea load distribution at fine scale in the plague endemic area of north-eastern Tanzania. Data was collected in three case areas namely, Shume, Lukozi and Mwangoi, differing in plague incidence levels. Data collection was carried out during both wet and dry seasons of 2012. Analysis of Variance and Boosted Regression Tree (BRT) statistical methods were used to clarify the relationships between fleas and specific land use characteristics. There was a significant variation (P ≤ 0.05) of flea indices in different land use types. Fallow and natural forest had higher flea indices whereas plantation forest mono-crop and mixed annual crops had the lowest flea indices among the aggregated land use types. The influence of individual land use types on flea indices was variable with fallow having a positive effect and land tillage showing a negative effect. The results also demonstrated a seasonal effect, part of which can be attributed to different land use practices such as application of pesticides, or the presence of grass strips around fields. These findings suggest that land use factors have a major influence on rodent flea abundance which can be taken as a proxy for plague infection risk. The results further point to the need for a comprehensive package that includes land tillage and crop type considerations on one hand and the associated human activities on the other, in planning and implementation of plague control interventions. ________________________________________________________________________________ en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Sokoine University of Agriculture - Flemish Interuniversity Council (SUA-VLIR) Own Initiative Project - ‘Landscape-Ecological Clarification of Bubonic Plague Distribution and Outbreaks in the Western Usambara Mountains, Tanzania’ (Acronym: LEPUS), funded by the Flemish Interuniversity Council, Belgium. The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution of Dr. Anne Laudisoit (Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Belgium) for the identification of flea species. The authors also greatly appreciate the cooperation of many people including farmers in the study area, staff of Lushoto District Council and Sebastian Kolowa Memorial University. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture, en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal;03
dc.subject plague en_US
dc.subject land use en_US
dc.subject rodent en_US
dc.subject fleas en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Contribution of land use to rodent flea load distribution in the plague endemic area of Lushoto District, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url http://dx.doi.org en_US


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