Sokoine University of Agriculture

Response of large-scale mining companies to the system of governance for improved local livelihoods in Tanzania: a case of Kahama district

Show simple item record Maliganya, W. 2021-04-22T11:27:42Z 2021-04-22T11:27:42Z 2020
dc.description PhD Thesis en_US
dc.description.abstract This study assesses the response of large scale-mining companies to the system of governance for improved local livelihoods in Tanzania. Specifically, the study analysed the policy enabling environment of the mining sector in Tanzania, examined compliance of large-scale mining companies with regulatory framework, explored community perception on mining companies’ practices towards enhancing environmental sustainability and assessed the contribution of mining companies to the local livelihoods in Kahama District. The study employed both the cross-sectional and case study designs in which three mining village communities namely Mwendakulima, Mwime and Chapulwa were involved. The sample size for the study was 215 respondents, and systematic review of literature was used to collect information related to policies and legislation from Tanzania and best practices elsewhere. Additionally, household and key informant interviews with technical personnel from government and mining company officials were contacted to determine the extent to which communities’ understood issues of regulatory framework in relation to sustainable mining practices for improved local livelihoods. A five-point Likert scale with alternative answers from strongly disagree to strongly agree attitudes with statements implying disliking and liking the system of governance to the mode of mining operations was used as part from a questionnaire which was used for the household survey in this study. Data on policy review were analysed using content analysis from sources of information captured in various documents to portray the policy enabling environment of the mining sector in Tanzania. The whole mining operations in relation to attributes of compliance, sustainable environmental practices and livelihoods from community perspectives were handled by adopting exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software to explore inter-relationships with a reflection in the national regulatory framework. The study findings show that Tanzania has taken serious measures towards exploiting opportunities by creating a policy enabling environment. However, the measures have not that much achieved the expected results to its desired level due to the persistence of targeted challenges in the sector. The persisting challenges are reflected in the form of lack of expected benefits and failure to develop policy options for making the investment environment supportive for all actors in the sector, hence failure to use mineral wealth sustainably for growth and poverty reduction for the benefit of all. In terms of compliance for sustainable mining practices, results show that consultation for views on issues, publication of anticipated effects and benefits in communities were positively attained by the mining company. However, it was also evident that the mining companies’ operations largely affected the qualities of water, soil and air within operation areas. There was also less compliance with better practice on issues of noise reduction and employment of a work force from the local communities. While the community perceived a positive response on social accountability measures, the community response showed less compliance regarding the degree of achievement in practice. Additionally, the practices towards the restoration of degraded land were also negatively explained. Consequently, this created negative attitude in the community on informed ultimate goal for enhanced sustainability. While in some instances these challenges were attributed to the mining company’s less compliance practices to the system of governance, in some cases they were associated with government’s inability to effectively implement, monitor and enforce the existing regulatory framework. The study concludes that key aspects for assured sustainability in areas with large mining operations should be determined in legally responsible and socially equitable ways for secured community livelihoods resources in areas affected by mining operations even after mine closure. Consequently, the study calls for improvement of large-scale mining companies’ compliance with respect to policy, legal and regulatory frameworks particularly where policy gaps have resulted into poor practices in terms of accommodating not only the country’s interests but, also communities’ in areas with large-scale mining operations. Therefore, the critical contribution of this study is the ability to add on to the existing literature knowledge with regard to the state of compliance of large-mining companies to the regulatory framework for improved local livelihoods on the basis of local community perspectives in the Tanzania’s mining sector using Buzwagi gold mine as a case study. This is especially important towards realization of the efforts underway by the fifth phase government of Tanzania (2015-2025) which are aimed at increasing the contribution of the sector to the country. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Academy (MNMA) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Mining en_US
dc.subject Large scale mining en_US
dc.subject Mining companies en_US
dc.subject Improved local livelihoods en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.subject Kahama en_US
dc.title Response of large-scale mining companies to the system of governance for improved local livelihoods in Tanzania: a case of Kahama district en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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