Sokoine University of Agriculture

Pattern analysis of substandard and inadequate distribution of educational resources in urban–rural areas of Abbottabad, Pakistan

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dc.contributor.author Tanveer, Hashir
dc.contributor.author Balz, Timo
dc.contributor.author Sumari, Neema S.
dc.contributor.author Shan, Rafi-us
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-26T12:26:49Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-26T12:26:49Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-04
dc.identifier.citation Hashir, T., Balz, T., Sumari, N. S., Shan, R., & Tanweer. 2019. Pattern Analysis of Substandard and Inadequate Distribution of Educational Resources in Urban-Rural Areas of Abbottabad, Pakistan. GeoJournal: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-019-10029-x en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/3352
dc.description.abstract Despite an extensive system of public schools, Abbottabad, Pakistan has a chronically low literacy rate. A factor contributing to these low literacy rates might be a spatial mismatch between public schools and dense settlements in fast-growing urban and semi-urban areas of this municipal region. To test this proposition, the locations of 153 public schools were collected using hand-held GPS devices to create a geo-database, and a road network was created from the open street map and Google imagery. Nearest neighbor, K-function, Spearman’s Rho, and directional analyses were applied to this data to overcome the limitations of sparse geospatial data. A point pattern analysis shows that more than 50% of secondary schools were clustered south of the city while most of the built-up area was in the north. Localizing Geospatial data, spatial restructuring, and reorganization of schools in the study area would support rational planning and enhance student access to school facilities. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher GeoJournal en_US
dc.subject Spatial mismatch en_US
dc.subject Point pattern analysis en_US
dc.subject Classification en_US
dc.subject Public schools en_US
dc.subject Abbottabad en_US
dc.title Pattern analysis of substandard and inadequate distribution of educational resources in urban–rural areas of Abbottabad, Pakistan en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10708-019-10029-x en_US


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