Sokoine University of Agriculture

Influence of 17a-ethynylestradiol on CYP1A, GST and biliary FACs responses in male African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus) exposed to waterborne Benzo[a]Pyrene

Show simple item record Mdegela, R. H. Braathen, M. Correia, D. Mosha, R. D. Skaare, J. U. Sandvik, J. 2017-04-19T08:14:52Z 2017-04-19T08:14:52Z 2006-11-01
dc.identifier.issn 0963-9292
dc.description Ecotoxicology, 2006; 15:629–637 en_US
dc.description.abstract Dose dependent effects of Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) on cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A), glutathione- S-transferase (GST) and fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) metabolites biomarker responses were studied in African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus) following 24 h of waterborne exposures. Based on biomass of C. gariepinus in different tanks, BaP concentrations of 1.60, 3.44, and 18.21 lg/L that corresponded to 0.5, 1.0, and 5.0 mg/kg body weight were used. Significant induction of EROD activities in gill filaments was observed at all doses and the accumulation of FACs metabolites in bile was significantly different between groups. Accumulation of FACs metabolites in bile strongly correlated (r2 = 0.99) with BaP doses. Hepatic EROD activities were undetectable and no effect on GST activities was observed. The highest dose of BaP from the dose dependent study was further studied to assess the interactive and temporal responses of C. gariepinus on CYP1A, GST, and FACs metabolites biomarkers following exposure to either BaP alone, 17a-ethynylestradiol (EE2) alone or a combination of both compounds at concentrations of 54.17 lg/L for BaP, 51.38 lg/L for EE2 and 54.44 lg/L for each of both compounds. Based on biomass in each tank, these concentrations corresponded to 5 mg/kg body weight. While a group of six fish was sacrificed on day 0 from the control tank only, other groups of six fish were sacrificed after 1, 3, and 6 days of exposure from the control and exposed groups. Maximum induction of gill filament and hepatic EROD activities was observed after 1 day of exposure. Both EROD activities in gill filaments and liver were significantly induced by exposure to BaP alone or co-administration with EE2. Gill filament EROD induction was significantly inhibited (50%) by co-administration of BaP and EE2 compared to administration of BaP alone. Levels of FACs in bile for BaP and BaP + EE2 exposed groups were significantly different from the control at all doses and time points. A significant induction of GST activities was observed in fish exposed to BaP and BaP + EE2 after 3 days. Exposure to EE2 alone caused significant induction of this enzyme after day 6. This study reports for the first time the significant antagonistic influence of EE2 on BaP in gills of fish following waterborne exposures. The results also indicate that chemical mixtures may affect biomarker responses differently from compounds administered alone and that the sensitivity of CYP1A to interactive chemicals is different in gills and liver. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Science+Business Media, en_US
dc.subject Benzo[a]pyrene en_US
dc.subject cytochrome P4501A en_US
dc.subject Clarias gariepinus en_US
dc.subject Glutathione- S-transferase (GST) en_US
dc.title Influence of 17a-ethynylestradiol on CYP1A, GST and biliary FACs responses in male African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus) exposed to waterborne Benzo[a]Pyrene en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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